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Remote Procedure Call (RPC)

The Golioth Remote Procedure Call (RPC) allows a server-side command to execute a function on the remote device, including supplying input parameters and receiving output data from the function. RPC is handy for things like executing a device reset, or running a function with input that was not available at compile time.


#include "golioth.h"

Including the golioth.h header file makes the Golioth API functions available to your program.

Registering a callback

int err = golioth_rpc_register(client, "multiply", on_multiply, NULL);

Use the golioth_rpc_register() function to register a callback that will execute asynchronously when an RPC request is received from the Golioth Cloud. Required parameters are the Golioth Client object, the method name (as a string), the name of the callback function, and an optional user-defined parameter.

Callback function

static golioth_rpc_status_t on_multiply(
zcbor_state_t* request_params_array,
zcbor_state_t* response_detail_map,
void* callback_arg) {
double a, b;
double value;
bool ok;

ok = zcbor_float_decode(request_params_array, &a)
&& zcbor_float_decode(request_params_array, &b);
if (!ok) {
LOG_ERR("Failed to decode array items");

value = a * b;

LOG_DBG("%lf * %lf = %lf", a, b, value);

ok = zcbor_tstr_put_lit(response_detail_map, "value")
&& zcbor_float64_put(response_detail_map, value);
if (!ok) {
LOG_ERR("Failed to encode value");


Golioth uses CBOR serialization to transfer RPC information between the device and the server. This conserves bandwidth and radio-on time (battery) by keeping the data transfer as small as possible.

If input parameters were included in the RPC message they can be extracted from the request_params_array object. Any return values should be encoded in the response_detail_map.

The callback is responsible for returning the GOLIOTH_RPC_OK status message to the Golioth servers indicating that the RPC was successful, or an error status indicating why it was not. There are a number of different error status messages that can be returned. View the golioth_rpc_status enumeration in the Golioth Firmware SDK reference for more information.


Send an RPC request from the Golioth Console

Once the firmware is running, an RPC request can be sent from the device-level "Remote Procedure Call" tab in the Golioth Console (shown above) or via a call to our REST API.

RPC response received from the device

The status of the RPC request is shown in the same tab. The response can be viewed by clicking the three-dot button in the "Recent calls" list.

Example in the Golioth Basics Application

The multiply remote procedure call is demonstrated in the Golioth RPC example application.


Further documentation of the device SDK is available in the Golioth Firmware SDK Reference (Doxygen).